Nuclear Security for protecting against nuclear terrorism

What is Nuclear Security ?

The IAEA defined “Nuclear security” as the prevention and detection of, and response to, theft, sabotage, unauthorized access and illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving nuclear material and other radioactive substances and their associated facilities.
Japanese government stated its responsibility of nuclear security at the 3rd Nuclear Security Summit (March 24, 2014) that Japan strives all the time to ensure the 3Ss; Safeguards, Safety and Security, which are essential for advancing the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Japan also committed regarding nuclear security as follows;

  1. Continuation of making efforts to minimize nuclear material.
  2. Strengthening of domestic nuclear security.
  3. Enhancement of our international contributions.

Source: “Summary Statement by Prime Minister Abe”, March 24, 2014, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

In the 4th Nuclear Security Summit (March 31 to April 1, 2016), Japanese government stated as follows;

  1. Support for human resource development and capability building related nuclear security.
  2. Effort to reduce high risk nuclear material from nuclear security point of view.
  3. Contribution of disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear in the world positively.

Source: “Summary Statement by Prime Minister Abe”, March 31 to April 1, 2016, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

JNFL fully understand that it is important to improve the transparency of the plutonium utilization to obtain the public understanding in domestic and international society.

Specific nuclear security

The following has to be measured based on domestic regulation related nuclear security. JNFL has already measured the following;

  1. Physical protection measures
    1. Access authorization for persons, vehicle and articles
      • Vehicles, persons and articles should be subject to search on entering the physical protection areas for detection and prevention of unauthorized access and of introduction of prohibited items.
      • Only authorized persons can access to the physical protection areas. Visual confirmation with ID card and so on are required to ensure the detection and prevention of unauthorized access.
    2. Barriers and surveillance devices for physical protection area
      • Barriers with detection devices should be built for prevention and detection to intrude by outsiders.
      • Surveillance devices should be installed for surveillance.
  2. Cyber security measures
    1. Isolation of systems from external
      • Systems related plant control and protection of nuclear material in the facility should be isolated from external.
    2. Establishment of the Cyber Security Plan
      • The Cyber Security Plan should be established to quickly respond in emergency cases, and so on.
  3. Access limitation to sensitive information
    • Access to sensitive information must be limited. Only authorized persons can access to the sensitive information. To be authorized, trustworthiness should be checked by confirmation of ID and so on.
  4. Education and training
    • An education using E-learning system on nuclear security culture are provided to all employees in regular basis.
    • Force on force trainings are performed in regular basis.

Action Guidelines for Fostering a Nuclear Security Culture

Fostering a nuclear security culture is the responsibility of everyone involved in the nuclear power business. In conducting our business, we are exposed to the threat of theft of nuclear material and radioactive material and sabotage to our facilities. In order to prepare for these threats, it is essential to maintain and continuously improve nuclear security. So that JNFL carry out as follows;

  1. JNFL recognize that threats on nuclear security are always existing, and ensure that your actions do not compromise the effectiveness of protective measures.
  2. JNFL recognize that ensuring nuclear security is the responsibility of everyone involved in our business, and strive to improve nuclear security.
  3. JNFL recognize that the leakage of information on nuclear security will have a serious impact on defense, and implement thorough information management.